With the growing population, there has been an increase in awareness about family planning and contraception. Contraception is a scientific and deliberate method of preventing pregnancy because of sexual intercourse. There are many methods of contraception, which a person may select according to health and other preferences. Birth control or contraception has gained priority with the influence of family planning initiates taken by individuals to curb the excess population growth.
What are Contraceptives?
Contraceptives are different methods and devices used for contraception and birth control. The methods of contraception are adopted by the family for delaying pregnancy or childbirth, due to many conditions such as health issues, personal desires, and social concerns. There are different methods of contraceptive, which can be selected as per choice.
Types of Contraceptives
There are many different types of contraceptive device India available in almost all cities and towns. There are natural methods, which do not make use of any medications or contraceptive devices, and hormonal methods are oral contraceptives, implants, and vaginal rings. In addition, there are barrier methods that are designed to block the access of sperms to women’s uterus and fallopian tubes.
Barrier method is the utilization of a barrier, such as condoms, contraceptive sponges, and spermicides, which prevents the entry of sperms into the vagina. The barrier methods are used by women that do not prefer hormonal methods of contraception.
Emergency methods are intended for use after unprotected intercourse. The emergency methods are copper IUD and emergency contraceptive pills. These disrupt the female ovulation cycle and prevent the formation of zygote after the sperms meet the egg.
The hormonal contraceptive device India is the method of regulating ovulation inside a female body. The short-acting hormonal methods are injectable, pills, rings, and patches, while combined methods include oral contraception, contraceptive patch, and virginal ring.
The intrauterine birth control device in India is meant for insertion into the uterus as intrauterine devices (IUD) or intrauterine systems (IUS). This is a small T-shaped device that is inserted into the vagina to prevent pregnancy. There are two major types of devices, which are hormonal IUD or IUS and copper IUD.
The most permanent method to prevent pregnancy is a sterilization method, in which the reproductive parts are removed by the physician by the method of sterilization. The different sterilization methods are vasectomy, tubal ligation, and sterilization implant.
Natural Fertility Planning
The fertility awareness or natural fertility planning is a type of method to prevent pregnancy where the female tracks and monitors the menstrual cycle and work out the days where sexual intercourse will not lead to pregnancy. If this method is followed correctly, pregnancy can be prevented successfully.
All the contraceptives have their own set of advantages and disadvantages. The appropriate method of contraception can be selected after evaluating a number of factors, such as the age of the partners, family status, smoking frequency, medical conditions, and other social factors.